Earth is the most beautiful planet in this solar system if not in the entire galaxy. It has the most important thing that probably no other planet has: Water & Life. We human beings, along with all the other living creatures both big and small, represent this life. Earth has been acting like a parent of us providing us with food, clothing, and shelter and fulfilling our requirements. But what have we given back in return?
Back in olden times, the earth was filled with greenery. Beautiful trees and flowers filled the forest. These forests served as a home to so many species of animals and birds. The rivers would flow through the mountains in the midst of the forest. The water in these rivers was so pure that one could see the fishes swimming in it. Our planet was pure, our planet was clean, and our planet was good.
But with the development of mankind, human beings slowly destroyed this beautiful planet. Humans are like an infection. Pure evil is a man who seeks to enslave Mother Earth destroying all the gifts she’s given pure of heart.
Since the development of our cities and lifestyle, everything changed.
Today, our planet is in great danger and we humans are to be blamed for this. To a large extent, we have wasted and misused our natural resources and are on the path of destroying the most beautiful planet.
Human Activities That Impact The Environment & Ecosystem
Forests cover 30% of the earth’s land. One of the biggest crimes committed by humans is deforestation. Deforestation includes the transformation of forestland to farms, cities, or other urban use.
Humans have destroyed a tenth of Earth’s remaining wilderness in the last 25 years and there may be none left within a century if trends continue, according to an authoritative new study.
Green forests are being replaced by concrete forests. Man has been chopping down trees for various purposes like a house, commercial infrastructure, etc.
Most of the time deforestation happens in tropical rain forests. These forests are responsible for maintaining the balance in the atmosphere as well as provide good rainfall to the world. But because of deforestation, the balance is disturbed causing excess rains in some regions while drought in other regions.
It also causes damage to the quality of the land. The rise in deforestation is making it extremely difficult to replant a new ecosystem.
If the current rate of deforestation continues, it will take less than 100 years to destroy all the rain forests on the earth.
That indeed sounds a bit scary. 🙁
2. Global Warming
Human activities are the reason global warming is happening so fast.
Earth’s surface has undergone exceptional warming over the last century, and particularly in this century. Every year our summers are getting hotter and hotter.
The temperature of the earth is rising at nearly twice the rate it was 50 years ago. Who is to be blamed? Humans.
We, humans, have polluted our air leading to an increase in CO2 gas. As a result of excess pollution, there is a hole in the ozone layer.
Global warming is mostly a problem of too much carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere—which acts as a blanket, trapping heat and warming the planet. This has further led to the melting of ice in the Polar Regions and other icy regions and increasing the water levels.
3. Polluted Water Bodies
It’s no surprise that the water bodies around us no longer contain pure water. We have been dumping our waste into these water bodies for years. Some of these wastes are non-degradable and affect marine biodiversity.
Some religious faith and social practices or traditions also add to the pollution of our river waters.
Plastic bags and bottles are thrown into the water bodies. These plastics are further consumed by marine animals affecting their health.
Oil spills and leakages are further polluting our oceans and seas. Many fishes are killed because of water pollution. Chemical waste from industries is let out into lakes and rivers making the water unfit for consumption.
All these industrial wastes are toxic to life forms that consume this water.
According to reports, the total wastewater generated from all major industrial sources is 83,048 MId which includes 66,700 Mid of cooling water generated from thermal power plants.
Moreover, untreated sewage is let out into water bodies polluting them. 80% of India’s surface water may be polluted, states survey,
4. Extinction of Species
We have been torturing and killing animals and birds for years. Just the last 40 years we’ve lost an incredible variety of species and it’s our entire fault.
In the past 200,000 years, humans have been on the planet, 1,000species have gone extinction.
The driving forces behind this loss include climate change, deforestation, habitat degradation, and hunting (all caused by human activity).
Hunting has been a passion for some while a necessity for others. Animals are hunted and their body parts like tusks, horns are smuggled for recreational purposes. Deforestation is leading to many animals losing their homes.
At such times, these helpless animals reach human residential places in search of homes and food. To protect themselves, humans kill these animals. Some animals are captured and tortured for medical purposes.
Nearly 20,000 species of plants and animals are at a high risk of extinction and if trends continue, Earth could see another mass extinction event within a few centuries.
What Can We Do?
Luckily, we humans are now realizing our mistake and taking steps to protect the earth. Several plans have been developed to stop the abuse of the earth. But, we can’t rely only on the government or the authorities.
- On a personal level, we can start by spreading awareness.
- We can encourage our community members to plant trees.
- We can start petitions to save forests.
- We can make sure we don’t contribute to polluting our environment.
- We should also stop others from polluting the environment.
- We can save energy and reduce waste by switching to recycled and eco-friendly things.
If we don’t take action and protect our Mother Earth, the forthcoming generation might not be able to see it. The earth is precious and we need to save it from destruction.
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